Advanced Key Word Transformation

I’ll post the answers shortly.

1.Madeleine felt sure that she would be offered the job.

BOUND Madeleine felt she …………………………… offered the job.

  1. Boris is unlikely to win the prize.

LIKELIHOOD There is little …………………………… the prize.

  1. There’s a good chance that Takesi has seen your message.

WELL Takesi …………………………… your message.

  1. I’m sure you didn’t remember to post the letter.

MUST You …………………………… post the letter.

  1. If you arrive late, the teacher may well get angry with you.

LIKELY The teacher …………………………… his temper with you if you arrive late.

  1. Do you think you might be able to help me with the essay?

CHANCE Is …………………………… me with the essay?

  1. I would often go cycling with my father when I was a child.

USED My father …………………………… cycling with him when I was a child.

  1. Having apologised, Klaus shook my hand.

APOLOGY When Klaus ……………………………, he shook my hand.

  1. Anna has been trying as hard as possible to take care of her children.

CAN Anna has been doing the …………………………… after her children.

  1. For me, the second chapter was more convincing than the rest of the book.

PERSUASIVE I found the second chapter …………………………… other part of the book.

  1. I never planned to annoy you.

AIM It …………………………… you angry.

  1. I’ve never had problems with my car before.

TIME This is the …………………………… me problems.

  1. I received some very useful advice from Gustavo.

FOUND I …………………………… me very useful.

  1. The opportunity to study at university should be open to everyone.

BE Everyone …………………………… to study at university.

  1. The first time Carla went skiing was last Monday.

NEVER Carla …………………………… last Monday.

  1. We were all favourably impressed with Paola’s lecture.

FAVOURABLE The lecture …………………………… on all of us.

  1. Students don’t spend their free time in the same way as fifty years ago.

CHANGED The way students spend their free time …………………………… fifty years.

  1. Without the receipt, they will not return your money.

REFUND They will not …………………………… you have a receipt.

  1. I have absolutely no interest whatever in adventure holidays.

APPEAL Adventure holidays …………………………… in the least.

  1. They had offered him a .38 gun for his own protection.

PROTECT They had offered him a .38 gun so that …………………………… himself.

  1. Driving a car without insurance is illegal.

LAW It …………………………… a car without insurance.

  1. People generally think of tennis as a safe sport.

CONSIDERED Tennis …………………………… a safe sport.

  1. Our surroundings became more primitive as we travelled further inland.

THE The further we travelled …………………………… our surroundings became.

  1. It is advisable not to climb mountains after a heavy snowfall.

AVOID You …………………………… mountains after a heavy snowfall.

  1. I can’t wait to stay my new job.

FORWARD I’m really …………………………… my new job.

  1. Thank goodness we avoided the floods.

LUCKY We …………………………… the floods.

  1. I wish I hadn’t phoned my sister.

REGRET I …………………………… that phone call to my sister.

  1. We can’t buy a new car – we don’t have enough money.

AFFORD We …………………………… a new car.

  1. He says he’s never seen her before.

DENIES He …………………………… her before.

  1. We paid our hotel bill when we checked out.

SETTLED It wasn’t until …………………………… our hotel bill.

  1. The photo and the portrait look identical to me.

DIFFERENCE I can’t see …………………………… the photo and the portrait.

  1. The judges were generally less keen on portraits painted from photos than portraits painted from life.

TENDED The judges …………………………… on portraits painted from life than portraits painted from photos.

  1. This painting does not appear to be finished.

LOOK This painting …………………………… is finished.

  1. Several of the applicants were not considered because of their age.

PASSED Several of the applicants …………………………… to their age.

  1. For many teenagers, their looks are their highest priority.

MATTERS Appearance is …………………………… many teenagers.

  1. It’s encouraging to discover that the group is both talented and enthusiastic.

ONLY It’s encouraging to discover that the group shows …………………………… as well.

  1. Maria said, “I’ll never do that again.”

PROMISED Maria …………………………… do that again.

  1. “I think you should apply for this job,” Alexei said to me.

ADVISED Alexei …………………………… job.

  1. Simon said, “Have you ever thought of starting your own business?”

ASKED Simon …………………………… ever thought of starting my own business.

  1. “Let’s meet tomorrow,” said Svetlana.

SUGGESTED Svetlana …………………………… day.

  1. “Don’t drink if you’re driving,” the police officer said to the motorist.

WARNED The police officer …………………………… if he was driving.

  1. Tom and Alexis said, “We’re getting married in May.”

ANNOUNCED Tom and Alexis …………………………… in May.

  1. Melissa will complete the report before leaving work.

UNTIL Melissa will stay …………………………… finished the report.

  1. The waiters couldn’t relax until there were no more customers left.

LAST The waiters were only able to relax once …………………………… left.

  1. I will deal with the report immediately after my holiday.

GOT I will deal with the report as …………………………… from my holiday.

  1. He did not stop at the filling station until he had almost no fuel left.

RUN He stopped at the filling station when he …………………………… fuel.

  1. It’s pointless to go to the station by taxi in such heavy traffic.

POINT The traffic is so heavy that …………………………… a taxi to the station.

  1. Karl didn’t consult anyone before starting the project.

AHEAD Karl went …………………………… consulting anyone.

  1. The accident was caused by ice on the road.

BLAME Ice on the road …………………………… the accident.

  1. We had no idea the journey would take nearly so long.

FAR The journey …………………………… we expected.

  1. We didn’t get to the party until all the food had been eaten.

TIME There was no food …………………………… to the party.

  1. Our view of the world has certainly been affected by new technology.

IMPACT New technology has certainly …………………………… we view the world.

  1. As long as I know you’ll support me, I won’t worry about money.

COUNT Provided I …………………………… support me, I won’t worry about money.

  1. I don’t think we’ll miss the train if we leave home on time.

LONG We should manage to catch the train …………………………… off from home on time.

  1. Martin is only working late tonight because he has to finish and urgent job.

UNLESS Martin would not …………………………… he had to finish an urgent job.

  1. Elle was given a trophy by her school because she had worked so hard.

PRESENTED Elle’s school …………………………… a trophy if she had not worked so hard.

  1. Could you please cancel my appointment?

GRATEFUL I …………………………… cancel my appointment.

  1. If it had not been for some unexpected difficulties, we would not be feeling so stressed.

COME If some unexpected difficulties …………………………… we would not be feeling so stressed.

  1. Dieter missed the plane because he overslept.

WOULD If Dieter had …………………………… missed the plane.

  1. Nelson didn’t get the job because when he came to his job interview, he arrived late.

TIME If Nelson …………………………… his job interview, he would have got the job.

  1. Eva couldn’t apply for the job in IT, because she knows that her computer skills aren’t good enough.

BETTER Eva knows that if her computer skills …………………………… for the job in IT.

  1. Could you please refund my money as soon as possible?

GRATEFUL I …………………………… would refund my money as soon as possible.

  1. We would have gone swimming if Bruno hadn’t advised us not to.

FOR If it ……………………………, we would have gone swimming.

  1. I am only participating in this activity because my teacher asked me to.

PART I …………………………… this activity if my teacher had not asked me to.

  1. Could you remind me to phone Charlie on Friday?

GRATEFUL I’d …………………………… me to phone Charlie on Friday.

  1. Mario managed to complete the project without any help.

ALL Mario succeeded …………………………… himself.

  1. You won’t get into the national team unless you try much harder.

MAKE You’ll have …………………………… if you’re going to get into the national team.

  1. Fatima still hasn’t decided if she’ll study in New Zealand next year.

MIND Fatima hasn’t …………………………… to study in New Zealand next year.

  1. It’s possible that the heavy traffic is delaying Katya.

HOLDING What may …………………………… the heavy traffic.

  1. I wasn’t sure who was to blame for the accident.

FAULT I couldn’t tell …………………………… was.

  1. After Ranjit had discovered the truth, he reported the facts to the police.

OUT Having ……………………………, Rajit reported the facts to the police.

  1. Many people were discouraged from emigrating by the idea of crossing the Atlantic.

OFF What …………………………… the idea of crossing the Atlantic.

  1. May of the emigrants first saw the sea on the day the set sail to America.

TIME For many emigrants, the day they set sail to America was ……………………… the sea.

  1. The public health service is worse than it was 10 years ago.

GOOD The public health service is …………………………… 10 years ago.

  1. We don’t have as many qualified nurses as we need.

FEWER We …………………………… we need.

  1. My new job is not as easy as I expected.

DIFFICULT My new job …………………………… I expected.

  1. I’m really tired. I’ll be very glad when we get home.

SOONER I’m really tired. The …………………………… better.

  1. I earned less money than I thought I would last week.

MUCH I …………………………… as I thought I would last week.

  1. Your diet is just as bad as mine.

BETTER Your diet …………………………… mine.

  1. We didn’t have as much time as we wanted to understand all this information.

TAKE What we wanted …………………………… in all this information.

  1. Everybody agreed that the music at Lenka’s presentation was very annoying.

OBJECTED It was the music …………………………… at Lenka’s presentation.

  1. First, you complete this form and then you post it to the embassy.

FILL What you have …………………………… this form and then send it to the embassy.

  1. Audrey is not prepared to leave her current job.

LAST “Getting a new job is …………………………… do!

  1. Alfredo wanted nothing more than to relax when he got home.

TAKE All Alfredo wanted to …………………………… easy when he got home.

  1. I spend most of my time doing paperwork.

TAKES It …………………………… most of the time.

  1. My sister has the annoying habit of talking to me at the same time I’m on the phone.

ALWAYS My sister …………………………… at the same time I’m on the phone.

  1. My wife and I have been saving money since the day we got married.

ASIDE My wife and I …………………………… since the day we got married.

  1. Those working with pre-school age children will probably find the course interesting.

INTEREST The course is likely …………………………… those working with pre-school age children.

  1. During the winter I prefer watching football to playing it.

SOONER During the winter I …………………………… it.

  1. Karen says it takes less than an hour to drive there, but I’m sure she has got it wrong.

MUST Karen says it takes less than an hour to drive there, but she …………………………… a mistake.

  1. Students wishing to enrol on the course should complete all sections of the application form.

REQUIRED Students wishing to enrol on the course …………………………… in all sections of the application form.

  1. I wish I had considered the question more carefully before answering.

THOUGHT I should …………………………… the question more carefully before answering.

  1. The factory has been able to reduce its CO2 emissions by 50% in the last year.

SUCCEEDED The factory …………………………… back its CO2 emissions by 50% in the last year.

  1. It’s a long walk home, so I advise you not to miss the last train.

BETTER It’s a long walk home, so …………………………… the last train.

  1. If there is a fire, you must not use the lift to leave the building.

EVENT …………………………… fire you must not use the lift to leave the building.

  1. Nina was driving the car at the time of the accident, but I don’t think it was her fault.

RESPONSIBLE Nina was driving the car at the time of the accident but I don’t hold …………………………… it.

  1. Jack has such a vivid imagination that it’s possible that he invented the whole story.

MADE Jack has such a vivid imagination that he might …………………………… the whole story.

  1. I had only just got home when the phone rang.

SOONER No …………………………… the phone rang.

  1. She is proud of being able to write clearly.

ABILITY She prides …………………………… to write clearly.

  1. Once the lecturer had given us a clear explanation of the procedure, we were able to go ahead with the experiment.

EXPLAINED Once the lecturer had ……………………………, we were able to go ahead with the experiment.

  1. The government has banned all exports to the country except for food and medicine.

EXCEPTION The government has banned all exports to the country ………………………… food and medicine.

  1. He always calls his house his “castle”

REFERS He always …………………………… his “castle”.

  1. She was proud of her work, and was also well respected by her colleagues.

TAKE Not only …………………………… her work, she was also well respected by her colleagues.

  1. She hated publicity so much that she never gave any interviews to the media.

HER Such …………………………… of publicity, that she never gave any interviews to the media.

  1. During her illness, she realised that the only choice she had was to take early retirement.

ALTERNATIVE During her illness, she realised that there …………………………… to take early retirement.

  1. I had only just complained about the new timetable when it was changed.

MADE No sooner…………………………… about the new timetable than it was changed.

  1. I’m sure she would do and excellent job if she ever became head of department.

WERE I’m sure she would do an excellent job …………………………… head of department.

  1. It is distinctly possible that I will get promoted in the near future.

OF There is a …………………………… promoted in the near future.

  1. People think that there are fewer than 4,000 tigers surviving in the wild India.

THOUGHT There …………………………… fewer than 4,000 tigers surviving in the wild in India.

  1. It’s no secret that John moved to a part-time job so that he could spend more time playing golf.

ORDER It’s no secret that John moved to a part-time job …………………………… able to spend more time playing golf.

  1. All the tickets have been sold, so it is impossible to rearrange the concert at this stage.

QUESTION All the tickets have been sold, so …………………………… the concert at this stage.

  1. I hadn’t seen Mia for over 20 years, but I didn’t find it difficult to recognise her at the airport.

DIFFICULTY I hadn’t seen Mia for over years, but I had …………………………… her at the airport.

  1. Although Clara and Mark have very different personalities and interests, they seem to have a good relationship.

ALONG Although Clara and Mark have very different personalities and interests, they seem to …………………………… very well.

  1. They didn’t mention the subject of unpaid holidays.

BRING Not until the end of the interview …………………………… the subject of unpaid holidays.

  1. I’ve made my mind up, so it is useless to discuss this further.

POINT I’ve made my mind up, so …………………………… this further.

  1. It was the first time I had seen women playing competitive football.

NEVER I …………………………… women playing competitive football before.

  1. The manager accepted that he was fully responsible for the way his team performed.

TOOK The manager …………………………… performance.

  1. We should not accept sexist language and attitudes in the places where we work.

ACCEPTABLE Sexist language and attitudes ought …………………………… our places of work.

  1. I find people’s use of the word “girls” to refer to adult women objectionable.

USING I …………………………… the word “girls” to refer to adult women.

  1. I first participated in competitive sport when I was six years old.

PART I first …………………………… at the age of six.

  1. His boos led him to believe that he would be promoted at the end of the year.

IMPRESSION He …………………………… that he would be promoted at the end of the year.

  1. They’ve cancelled this afternoon’s match because of the bad weather.

CALLED This afternoon’s match …………………………… to the bad weather.

  1. Do you think you could buy me a newspaper when you’re out?

WONDERING I …………………………… buy me a newspaper when you’re out.

  1. When I leave university, I hope to become a serious investigative journalist.

AMBITION When I leave university, …………………………… to become a serious investigative journalist.

  1. Individuals are not wealthy enough to take international media corporations to court.

SUE Individuals cannot …………………………… international media corporations.

  1. Traditional newspapers will probably have disappeared by the year 2020.

LIKELY By the year 2020, …………………………… will have disappeared.

  1. Regular television broadcasts began in 1937.

SAW 1937 …………………………… regular television broadcasts.

  1. I don’t think I could live without a daily newspaper.

IMAGINE I …………………………… without a daily newspaper.

  1. I spent all morning looking for the information I wanted.

TOOK It …………………………… for the information I wanted.

Anuncios

CONSEJOS PARA EL EXAMEN DE ADVANCED (CAE) PARTE 1. READING AND USE OF ENGLISH

Cambios 2015

A partir del 2015, Cambridge introdujo una serie de cambios en sus exámenes de First Certificate y Advanced.

Por un lado, se cambió la manera de puntuar (podéis leer el artículo que dediqué a este tema aquí); por otro, se han realizado modificaciones en algunas partes del examen.

En cuanto a la parte de Reading y Use of English, estas ahora se encuentran unificadas en una sola prueba.

Consejos Reading and Use of English

Orden de respuesta. No empieces por la parte 1. Es un ejercicio de elección múltiple lo que implica que, si te quedas sin tiempo para completar el examen, será más rápido de rellenar que las partes 2, 3 y 4, que requieren que escribas palabras o frases completas. NINGUNA respuesta errónea penaliza, por lo que debes rellenar todos los huecos sin excepción.

Yo te recomiendo que comiences por la parte 4. Este ejercicio puntúa doble, pero pierdas excesivo tiempo con él. Lee las frases, rellena primero las respuestas de aquellas que tienes claras y deja las que te suponen dudas para más adelante. Sigue por la parte 3. Suele ser la que los alumnos consideran más sencilla de las cuatro primeras. Comprueba que el spelling es el correcto o perderás puntos. Gasta algo de tu tiempo en leer el texto completo una vez que hayas terminado para ver si tiene sentido. Ve después a por la parte 2. Rellena en primer lugar aquellas palabras que tienes seguras. No te detengas aún en las que desconoces. Cuando tengas estas, vuelve a leer el texto y rellena el resto. Haz ahora la parte 1. Es en la que menos tiempo deberías invertir. Continúa con las partes 5, 7 y 8. Deja la parte 6 para lo último. En relación al resto, es la que menos puntúa y suele llevar mucho tiempo.

Uso de mayúsculas. En algunas partes del examen, concretamente en aquellas en que se exige al alumno respuestas escritas (partes 2, 3 y 4) se exige que estas se realicen en mayúsculas. Ojo con esto. Contestar en minúsculas, aunque las respuestas sean las correctas, supone la pérdida total de puntos.

Parte 1: Multiple Choice Cloze. Este ejercicio presenta una serie de huecos para los que se ofrecen 4 posibles respuestas. En él se pretende analizar la competencia léxica del alumno (y algo de la gramatical). Te encontrarás con collocations, dependent prepositions, phrasal verbs y palabras muy, muy similares que solo se diferencian por pequeños matices.

Aquí tienes un ejemplo de esta parte:

r1.png

r2

Trata de rellenar todos los huecos que puedas sin mirar las posibles soluciones y después contrasta lo que has escrito con las opciones de que dispones. Escoge aquellas que coincidan con las tuyas o que sean similares. Rellena el resto sin perder mucho más tiempo.

Para practicar esta parte, comienza a leer todo lo que caiga en tus manos en inglés, desde novelas a revistas especializadas y periódicos. Puedes comenzar por estas páginas:

Parte 2. Open Cloze. Este ejercicio suele ser complicado para la mayoría de los estudiantes. Aquí tienes que poner en juego todo tu conocimiento gramatical. Usa solo UNA palabra (recuerda que las palabras con contracciones computan como dos). Es posible que creas que hay dos posibles respuestas para uno de los huecos y puede que sea así, pero siempre escoge solamente una.

Aquí tienes un ejemplo de esta parte:

r3

Las categorías gramaticales que más se repiten en esta parte del examen son las siguientes y en este orden de mayor a menor: preposiciones > adverbios > pronombres > conectores > verbos (menos el TO BE) > formas del verbo to be > relativos > artículos > modales.

Si el hueco está al inicio de la frase, es posible que la respuesta sea un verbo en gerundio (having y being son las formas que más se repiten en este caso), un adverbio o un conector. Ten en cuenta si le sigue o no una coma, ya que esto será una pista importante para decantarte por una opción o por otra.

Para practicar esta parte del examen, puedes utilizar esta página, que te permite general tu propio open cloze:

Parte 3. Word Formation. Esta parte del examen suele ser relativamente asequible para la mayor parte de los estudiantes. Se trata de un texto con huecos donde, para cada uno de los huecos, te dan una palabra para la que tendrás que cambiar la categoría, añadir prefijos/sufijos o ambas cosas a la vez. No hay que ordenar las palabras. Tienes que transformar la palabra que aparece al final de la línea en la que tienes el hueco. Cuidado con las formas plurales. Si la palabra que tienes que emplear es un sustantivo, comprueba si lleva o no artículo y decide si es la forma singular o plural. Ten también cuidado con los prefijos negativos, que son habituales en esta parte del examen.

Aquí tienes un ejemplo de esta parte:

r4

Reglas generales:

SUSTANTIVOS:

  1. Algunas terminaciones propias de los sustantivos son: -er, -or, -eer, -tion, -ment, -age, -al, -ance, -hood, -ity, -ness, -ice, -sion, -dom, -cy, -ist, -ship.
  2. Los sustantivos van a menudo precedidos de un determinante como: a, an, the, this, that, these, those, my, such, whose, another, other. A veces van precedidos por un adjetivo.
  3. Pueden hacer la función de sujeto del verbo o de objeto del verbo.

ADJETIVOS:

  1. Los adjetivos describen a los sustantivos y siempre van delante de estos. A veces siguen al verbo to be.
  2. Algunas terminaciones propias de los adjetivos son: -able, -ible, -ial, -ant, -ate, -ative, -ive, -ing, -ed, -ous, -y, -ful, -ness (también en sustantivos) -ic, -ary, -ory, -al (también en sustantivos) y -ly (que no siempre es terminación de adverbio).

ADVERBIOS:

  1. Los adverbios describen a otros adverbios, a verbos y a adjetivos.
  2. Para formar adverbios, el método más común es la adición de –ly a la base del adjetivo.

VERBOS

  1. a) Es frecuente la transformación de palabras base en verbos mediante el uso del sufijo –en y de los prefijos under-, over-, up-, down- y out-.

Parte 4. Key Word Tranformation. Esta parte del examen suele ser considerada por una amplia mayoría de alumnos como la más complicada de todas. En este ejercicio se recoge toda la gramática y parte del vocabulario. Es difícil, pero posiblemente es la parte que más se puede practicar y mejorar a base de esfuerzo y repetición.

Aquí tienes un ejemplo de esta parte:

r5

r6.png

Errores comunes en esta parte del examen incluyen:

  • tratar de modificar la palabra a incluir en la respuesta. Esta palabra no puede modificarse en modo alguno.
  • Usar menos palabras de las indicadas (3) o más (6). Recordamos aquí, una vez más, que las palabras contraídas cuentan como una (salvo can’t).
  • Escribir las respuestas en minúsculas.

Esta parte del examen tiene un valor total de 12 puntos (2 puntos por cada una de las respuestas correctas). Cada uno de esos 2 puntos se otorgan en base a la corrección de dos partes separables de la respuesta. Eso quiere decir que SIEMPRE debemos escribir algo, aunque sea una palabra, porque puede que esa única palabra nos dé uno de los dos puntos posibles.

Cuidado con los tiempos verbales. Hay que respetar tanto el significado de la frase original como su tiempo verbal.

Parte 5. Multiple Choice Reading. En esta parte nos encontraremos con un texto bastante largo en relación al cual nos harán 6 preguntas. Las preguntas son secuenciales, es decir: la primera pregunta se hará en relación a algo de lo que se nos informa al inicio del texto, mientras que la última (salvo cuando sea acerca de la intención del autor) tendrá su respuesta en algún punto del final del texto.

Aquí van a pillar. Así, tal cual. Habrá trampas por todas partes y todas las respuestas posibles nos parecerán lógicas. Intenta descartar antes de elegir una opción. Marca siempre en qué parte del texto crees que has localizado la información que necesitas por si necesitas volver a ella más adelante.

Parte 6. Cross-text Multiple Matching. Como hemos señalado anteriormente, yo recomiendo que dejes este ejercicio para el final. Encontrarás 4 textos escritos por diferentes autores y se te harán 4 preguntas en las que tendrás que encontrar conexiones entre los textos. Normalmente esta parte del examen exige leer cada uno de los textos varias veces, por lo que la inversión de tiempo es considerable.

Parte 7. Gapped Text. Esta parte suele traer de cabeza a los alumnos. Te encontrarás con un texto del que se han extraído 6 párrafos que tú tendrás que volver a colocar en su sitio. Para complicar un poco más las cosas, no solo te darán los seis párrafos que tienes que devolver a su lugar, sino que tendrás uno más que no habrá que utilizar.

Presta atención a las frases que preceden al hueco donde tienes que colocar los párrafos y a las que le siguen. Ahí estará la clave que te dará la pista de qué párrafo debes usar en cada caso.

No sigas el orden establecido. Empieza por el párrafo que resulte más obvio. Una de las claves en este ejercicio es ir descartando opciones.

Algunas claves que te darán la pista de qué párrafo usar son: nombres y pronombres, conectores y palabras que sugieren contraste, coherencia en los tiempos verbales, cronología y conectores de causa-efecto, entre otros.

Parte 8. Multiple Matching. Esta parte del examen suele ser relativamente rápida. Tendrás una serie de preguntas cuya respuesta tendrás que encontrar en uno de los varios textos que te darán (su número puede variar de 4 a 6). Te recomiendo que leas rápidamente las preguntas y subrayes las palabras clave. Después lee el primer texto y vuelve a las preguntas. Si crees que ese texto puede responder a alguna de ellas márcalo y subraya en el texto dónde has encontrado la evidencia, incluyendo el número de pregunta que responden. Pasa al siguiente texto y repite la misma operación. Haz lo mismo con los textos restantes. Una vez hayas terminado, haz una lectura general y comprueba que no te has equivocado en nada.

 

Creado por Rocío para R&B Academia

CAE Rephrasing 1

I still have to post the answers to the FCE rephrasing so the ones to these will delay for a bit, but I’ll upload them ASAP.

Use from 3 to 6 words including the word in capital letters. Do not change the word given

1. The present government has never promised to lower taxation.

TIME At ……………………………………………….. promised to lower taxation.

2. Helen’s report is rather unclear in places.

LACKING Helen’s report …………………………………………. in places.

3. William tried to remain impartial in the quarrel between his two cousins.

SIDES William tried ………………………………………. in the quarrel between his two cousins.

4. Andrew is the most generous person I have ever met.

MORE I have yet to ………………………………………………………… Andrew.

5. Jason did not hesitate for a moment before he accepted the offer.

SLIGHTEST Jason did not ………………………………………………… accepting the offer.

Continue reading “CAE Rephrasing 1”

Some notes on Reported Speech

REPORTED SPEECH

SAY/TELL

  • We SAY something –> He said, “It is cold today”
  • We SAY TO someone something –> He said to him, “It is cold today”
  • We TELL someone something –> He told him, “It is cold today”

!! With specific expressions,

SAY + good morning / afternoon.., something / nothing.., one’s prayers, so, a few words (I said good morning to him, I said something to her, I said my prayers, Because I said so, I just said a few words)

TELL + the truth, a lie, a secret, a story, the time, the difference, one’s/sb’s name, sb the way, one from another, one’s fortune (He told me the truth / a lie / a secret / a story / the time, She told him the difference between the two, I told him my name, The woman told him the way to the parking lot, I can’t tell one from another, She told him his fortune)

Continue reading “Some notes on Reported Speech”

ANSWERS TO FCE / CAE MODAL VERBS

As promised.

1. He may not live here (since we never see him).

2. He might not have known you were married.

3. She can’t have been enjoying herself.

4. She could have left the car unlocked.

5. You needn’t have brought me the flowers.

6. You should drive more slowly.

7. You had better leave early.

8. How about going shopping in town?

9. You mustn’t leave until the exam has finished.

10. We did not need to get dressed up.

11. Jenny can’t have crashed your car.

12. You ought to ask for some advice.

13. May I use your phone?

14. She must be sleeping.

15. You must not smoke in hospitals.

16. Shall we go for a walk?

17. You aren’t allowed to take photos in the cathedral.

18. She might have moved to Rome.

19. They needn’t have paid for our meal.

20. Ann may be looking for a new job.

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FCE / CAE MODAL REPHRASING

Rewrite the sentences using the modal verb in capital letters.

Keep updated. I’ll publish the answers in a few days.

  1. Although he lives here, we never see him. MAY
  2. Perhaps she didn’t know you were married. MIGHT
  3. It is unlikely she was enjoying herself. CAN
  4. There’s a slight possibility that he left the car unlocked. COULD
  5. It wasn’t necessary for you to bring me the flowers as I already have a lot. NEED
  6. I advise you to drive more slowly. SHOULD
  7. It would be a good idea for you to leave early. BETTER
  8. Let’s go shopping in town. ABOUT
  9. You are not allowed to leave until the exam has finished. MUST
  10. It wasn’t necessary to get dressed up, so we didn’t. NEED
  11. I’m sure Jenny didn’t crash your car. HAVE
  12. You had better ask for some advice. OUGHT
  13. Would you mind if I use your phone? MAY
  14. I’m pretty positive she’s sleeping. MUST
  15. It’s forbidden to smoke in hospitals. MUST
  16. Let’s go for a walk. SHALL
  17. You mustn’t take photos in the cathedral. ALLOWED
  18. Perhaps she moved to Rome. MIGHT
  19. It wasn’t necessary for them to pay for our meal, but they did. NEED
  20. It’s possible that Ann is looking for a new job. MAY

Rocío @ http://www.rybacademia.com

FCE Rephrasing (Part 1)

A list of sentences to rephrase for the FCE Reading and Use of English Exam.

Remember you need to use from 2 to 5 words including the word given in capital letters.

I will publish the answers in a few days.

1. People say that the famous couple are about to get married.

SAID

The famous couple …………………….. about to get married.

2. I find waiting for buses very boring.

GET

I …………………….. waiting for buses.

3. It’s very difficult to predict the weather here.

TENDS

The weather …………………….. unpredictable here.

Continue reading “FCE Rephrasing (Part 1)”